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Asking and Giving Permission

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Asking and Giving Permission

Definition of permission for English Language Learners
: the right or ability to do something that is given by someone who has the power to decide if it will be allowed or permitted (merriam-webster com)

Asking for Permission

   Informal form
  • Can I ...
    • Can I go out tonight?
    • Can I play the XBOX now?
    • Can I go to toilet?
    • Can Rudi go with us?
    • Can Sheila eat the shrimp?
Note:
The use of "Can I do something?" is very informal, and considered incorrect by many. However, it is used in everyday informal speech and for that reason, has been included in daily conversation.

Catatan: (translate to Bahasa Indonesia)
Penggunaan "Can I do something?" Sangat informal, dan dianggap salah oleh banyak orang. Namun, ini digunakan dalam pidato informal sehari-hari dan oleh karena itu, ungkapan ini disertakan dalam percakapan sehari-hari
also read:Formal and Informal Greeting
   Formal form
  • May I ...
    • May I go now?
    • May I have the book?
Note:
Traditionally, the use of "May I do something?" has always been used for asking permission. In modern society, this form has become  more formal and is often replaced with other form such "Can I.." or "Could I.."

Catatan: (translate to Bahasa Indonesia)
Secara tradisi, penggunaan "May I do something?" Selalu digunakan untuk meminta izin. Di masyarakat modern, bentuk ini menjadi lebih formal dan sering diganti dengan bentuk lain seperti "Can I.." atau "Could I.."
  • Could I please...
    • Could I please go with you to the concert?
    • Could we go on trip next week?
    • Could you please accompany her to the zoo tomorrow?
  • Do you think I could...
    • Do you think I could use your laptop?
    • Do you think I could borrow your camera?
    • Do you think I could take your sister to the exhibition?
  • Would it be possible for me...
    • Would it be possible for me to use your computer for few minutes?
    • Would it be possible for me to study in this room?
  • Would you mind if I... (verb in past)
    • Would you mind if I stayed here a few for minutes?
    • Would you mind if I took a five minutes break?
  • Would you mind if I... (Verb+ing+your+object)
    • Would you mind my using your phone?
    • Would you mind my playing your guitar?
Giving Permission
If you would like to say "Yes" to someone who ask permissions, you can give permission using these phrases:

(Translate to Bahasa Indonesia => Jika kamu ingin mengatakan "Ya" kepada seseorang yang meminta izin, kamu dapat memberi ijin menggunakan kalimat berikut ini:)
  • Yes, of course.
  • Sure.
  • No problem
  • Go right ahead
Refusing Permission
If you do not want to give permission, you can deny it with these responses:

(Translate to Bahasa Indonesia => Jika kamu tidak ingin memberikan ijin, kamu dapat menolaknya dengan kalimat seperti ini:)
  • I'm afraid I'd prefer if you didn't / don't
  • Sorry, but I'd rather you not do that
  • Unfortunately, I need to say no
  • I'm afraid that's not possible
Source: spm book, publisher erlangga

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