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Semantic Analysis of Lexical Meaning “Just The Way You Are” song lyric

FINAL PROJECT SEMANTIC
ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY OF MALANG
ENGLISH DEPARTMENT
FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION 
AN ANALYSIS OF LEXICAL MEANING “Just The Way You Are” SONG LYRIC SUNG BY Bruno Mars
lexical meaning 
Guided By:
Prof. Dr. H. Dimjati Achmadin, M.Pd.

By:
mr.xXx
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

The lexition of a language can be viwed as a compendium of all its word. Word a sometimes called lexical items or lexemes. The brach of a semanticts that deals with word meaning is called lecical semanticts.
Lecical semantict examines relationship among word meaning. For example, it ask small in the same relationship to each other as the pair dark and light? Ehat is a difference between the meaning of word such as always an never and the meaning of word such as often and seldom? What do language users actually mean when they say that a dog “a type of” mammal? Lexical semantics investigates such question. It is study of how the lexicon is organized and how the meaning of lexical items are interrelated, and its princippal goal it to build a model for the structure of the lecixon by catagorizing the types of relationship between words. Lexical semanticts focuses on linguistict meaning.

The analysing of lexical meaning of the song lyric covers among others things the discussion about denotation, connotation, ambiguity, antonym, synonymy, hyponymy, polysemy, and homonymy.

The paper analyzes the lexical meaningof song lyric titeled “ Just The Way You Are” which is sung by Bruno Mars as the original soundtrack by Album:Doo-Wops & Hooligans, and songwriters of the song are: Cain, Khari;Lawrence, Philip;Levine, Ari;Mars, Bruno;Walton, Khalil. Unfortunately, this songs lyric does not have all of features. So, the analysis just include some of the features.

CHAPTER II
ANALYSIS 
A. The Song Lyric


Title:Just The Way You Are
Artist:Bruno Mars
Album:Doo-Wops & Hooligans

Oh, her eyes, her eyes make the stars look like they're not shinin'
Her hair, her hair falls perfectly without her tryin'
She's so beautiful
And I tell her everyday
Yeah, I know, I know when I compliment her, she won't believe me
And it's so, it's so sad to think that she don't see what I see
But every time she asks me do I look okay?
I say
When I see your face
There's not a thing that I would change
'Cause you're amazing
Just the way you are
And when you smile
The whole world stops and stares for awhile
'Cause girl, you're amazing
Just the way you are

Her lips, her lips, I could kiss them all day if she'd let me
Her laugh her laugh, she hates but I think it's so sexy
She's so beautiful
And I tell her everyday
Oh, you know, you know, you know I'd never ask you to change
If perfect's what you're searching for, then just stay the same
So don't even bother asking if you look okay
You know I'll say
When I see your face
There's not a thing that I would change
'Cause you're amazing
Just the way you are
And when you smile
The whole world stops and stares for awhile
'Cause girl, you're amazing
Just the way you are

The way you are
The way you are
Girl, you're amazing
Just the way you are
When I see your face
There's not a thing that I would change
'Cause you're amazing
Just the way you are

And when you smile
The whole world stops and stares for awhile
'Cause girl, you're amazing
Just the way you are, yeah

B. The Analysis

1. Denotation

Denotation is the meaning of word which is primarily refers to the real word and this is often the definition that is given in dictionary. The denotation found in the lyric “compliment” (line 1 paragraph 2) in the dictionary is “ something that you say or do to show or admiration for some one.

2. Conotation

Conotation arises as words become related which certain charateristic as item to which they refer at the association of positive or negative feelings to which they evokes, which may or may not be indicated in the dictionary definition. The positive connotation of “Amazing” (paragraph 3, line 3) someone very beautiful, kind, smart and always make her couple happy. But the meaning in dictionary is the surprise.

3. Ambiguity

Word or sentence is ambiguous if it can be understood or interpreted in more than one way (Fromkin et.al, 1990) the different word having same from or pronunciation may cause ambiguity among listeners or reader who do not pay attention to their context carefully. Among the different word having same from or pronunciation are:
Homonym (different word having same form)
The example of homonym not found in lyric Just The Way You Are
Homophones (different word which are pronounced the same)
The example of homophone not found in lyric Just The Way You Are
Homograph (different word which are write the same)
The example of homograph not found in lyric Just The Way You Are

4. Antonym

A word that means the opposite to another word. They can be grouped into 3 types: Gradable, Complementary, and Relational Antonyms.
Gradable antonyms, the members of a pair differ in terms of degree. The denial of one is not necessarily the assertion of other.

Complementary Antonyms, the members of a pair in this type are complementary to each other. Not only the assertion of one means the denial of the other, the denial of one also means the assertion of the other.
Relational Antonyms, they show the reversal a relationship between two entities. The antonyms found in the song lyric are: Not (paragraph 1, line 1) = Yeah (paragraph 11, line 5)

5, Synonym

Synonyms can be any part of speech (e.g. nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs or prepositions), as long as both members of the pair are the same part of speech.
The antonyms found in the song lyric are:
  • Look (paragraph 2, line 3) = See (Paragraph 2, line 2).
  • Okay (paragraph 2, line 3) = Yeah (paragraph 2, line 1)
  • Look (paragraph 2, line 3) = Stares (paragraph 8, line 2)
6. Hiponymy

A word with a particular meaning that is included in the meaning of a more general word.

A word that represents different categories covered by a superordinate: general term that includes various different words representing narrower categories, called Hyponyms. 
The antonyms found in the song lyric are: 
  • Girl is superordinate of: 
    • Mother 
    • Aunt 
    • Sister 
    • Grandmother 
    • Feminine,etc 
  • Sexy is superordinate of: 
    • Have beautiful face 
    • Good body 
    • Beautiful lip 
    • Nice eyes 
    • Always look beautiful appearance.etc. 
7. Polysemy

Polysemy is a word that has multiple meaning.
The polysemy found in the song lyric is:
Beautiful have some meaning, there are:
  • Beautiful in face 
  • Beautiful in attitude 
  • Beautiful in job/economic
CHAPTER III
CONCLUTION 

Semantics is one the brances of linguistics studying about meaning. And it is considered as a major branch as linguistict devoded to the studying of meaning in language ( Cristal, 1991:3010). The meaning it self may be catagorized into three levels. The are lexical meaning, sentential meaning and discoursal meaning.

After having analysis the lexical meaning in song liric titled“ Just The Way You Are” sung by Bruno Mars as the original soundtrack by Album:Doo-Wops & Hooligans it can be concluted that this song have some lexical meaning features, such as conotation, polisemy, antonym, synonym, hiponym, but this song does not have ambiguity features. Analysing the lexical meaning of a song lyric, poem or even Holly Quran can be important because it helps the readers or may be a listener to understand and catch the meaning of those items. Unfortunately, a few of human understand about it. The writer hopes this analysis useful for us. Amin.

REFERENCES
Eka, dina.2010. An analysis of lexical meaning of under the sea song lyric. Malang.
Faculty of Humanyties and Culture UIN Maliki Malang.
Cambrice School dictionary.
http://www.ringtonematcher.com/co/ringtonematcher/02/noc.asp?sid=SLLYrosT03&artist
= Bruno Mars %20Trees&song=Just The Way You Are. Accessed on 8 Januari 2011.
www.lyric.com. Accessed on 8 Januari 2011

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