Soal UN (Ujian Nasional) Bahasa Inggris SMA-MA Tahun Pelajaran 2016-2017 Bagian 2

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Halaman ini merupakan lanjutan dari halaman pertama, pada bagian ini berisi soal nomor 31 sampai 50. Untuk membaca soal sebelumnya

Rabu, 12 April 2017 (10.30 - 12.30)

The following text is for questions 31 to 34.
The Dangers of Typing SMS while Driving
The popularity of mobile devices has had some dangerous consequences. We k_now that mobile communications are linked to a significant increase in distracted driving which results in injury and loss of life.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported that in 2010 driver distraction was the cause of 18 percent of all fatal crashes with 3,092 people killed - and crashes resulting ita an injury with 416,000 people wounded.

The Virginia Tech Transportation Institute found that text messaging creates a crash risk 23 times worse than driving while not distracted.

Eleven percent of drivers aged 18 to 20 who were involved in an automobile accident and survived admitted they were sending or receiving texts when they crashed. Distracted driving endangers life and property and the current levels of injury and Loss are unacceptable.

31. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. The warning of texting and driving.
B. The debatable issue of texting and driving.
C. The involvement of mobile devices while driving.
D. The risks of texting while driving.
E. The consequences of not paying attention to traffic.

37 What does the passage tell us about the writer's opinion on the issue at hand?
A. Text messaging creates rnore risk than undistracted driving.
B. Mobile communication doesn't have relation with accident.
C. Many people lost their lives because of injury.
D. Distracted driving is still safe for the drivers.
E. Only adult drivers involved in the accident.

33. From the text, we know that ...
A. The mobile phone should be banned in the street,
B. Distracted driving makes accident more rarely to happen.
C. Most of the accident caused by the condition of the road.
D. 18 percent of fatal crashes were caused by unnoticed street signs.
E. Drivers involved in car accidents admitted they were texting when they crashed.

34. Distracted driving endangers life it is not an acceptable action.
A. as
B. if
C. so
D. and
E. yet

This text is for questions 35 to 38.
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) — Astronomer and Scientist. Galileo developed a. superior telescope and made many significant discoveries in astronomy. He was sentenced to life imprisonment by the inquisition for his support for the Copernican theory that the sun was at the center of the solar system.

Galileo was born in Florence, Italy in 1564 to a poor but noble family. His parents recognized their child' s innate intelligence and talents and so made sacrifices to have him educated. At his father's insistence, guided the profitable career of medicine. But, at the University of Pisa, Galileo became fascinated in a wide range of subjects. He was also critical of many of Aristotle's teaching which had dominated education for the past 2,000 years.

Galileo was appointed to be a mathematics professor at the University of Pisa, but his strident criticisms of Mistotle left hini isolated among his contemporaries. After three years of persecution, he resigned and went to the University of Padua, where he taught maths. His entertaining lectures attracted a large following and he was able to spend the next years pursuing his interests in astronomy and mechanics.

35. Something that we can learn from Galileo Galilei's biography is
A. we must always believe whatever the society believes to avoid getting persecuted
B. we must never go against the believe of the society to avoid getting imprisoned
C. we should believe in something and stay faithful to it no matter how hard
D. we must sacrifice everything to get ourselves educated
E. we should spend 18 years to pursue our interests

36. From the fact that Galileo Galilei was imprisoned for supporting the Copernican theory, which later was proven to be true, we know that Galileo Galilei was „
A. reckless
B. stubborn
C. tenacious
D. arrogant
E. foolish

37. Accorciing to the biography, why did Galileo Gahlei resign from his teaching job at the University of Pisa?
A. He had attracted many followers.
B. He was persecuted for three years.
C. He vvas appointed as a mathematies professor.
D. He had a better offer from the University of Padua.
E. He wanted to pursue his interests in astronomy and mechanics.

38. "His parents recognized their child' s innate intelligence and talents and so made sacrifices to have him educated." (Paragraph 2)
The underlined word is elosest in meaning to
A. acquired
B. ingenious
C. multiple
D. inbom
E. strident

This text is for questions 39 to 42.
A tsunami is a series of ocean waves that sends surges of water, sometimes reaching heights of over 100 feet (30.5 meters), onto land. These walls of water can cause widespread destruction when they crash ashore.

These awe-inspiring waves are typically caused by large, undersea earthquakes at tectonic plate boundaries. When the ocean floor at a plate boundary rises or falls suddenly, it displaces the water above it and launches the rolling waves that will become a tsunami.

Most tsunami, about 80 percent, happen within the Pacific Ocean's "Ring of Fire," a geologically active area where tectonic shifts make volcanoes and earthquakes common.
Tsunamis may also be caused by underwater landslides or volcanic eruptions. They may even be launched, as they frequently were in Earth's ancient past, by the impact of a large meteorite plunging into an ocean.

Tsunamis race across the sea at up to 500 miles (805 kilometers) an hour - about as fast as a jet airplane. At that pace they can cross the entire expanse of the Pacific Ocean in less than a day. And their long wavelengths mean they lose very little energy along the way.
A tsunami's trough, the low point beneath the wave's crest, often reaches shore first. When it does, it produces a vacuum effect that sucks coastal water seaward and exposes harbor and sea floors. This retreating of sea water is an important warning sift of a tsunami, because the wave' s crest and its enormous volume of water typically hit shore five minutes or so later. Recognizing this phenomenon can save lives.

A tsunami is usually composed of a series of waves, called a wave train, so its destructive force may be compounded as successive waves reach shore. People experiencing a tsunami should remember that the danger may not have passed with the first wave and should await official word that it is safe to return to vulnerable locations.

Some tsunamis do not appear on shore as massive breaking waves but instead resemble a quickly surging tide that inundates coastal areas.

39. Why did the author write the report?
A. To raise people' s awareness about tsunami.
B. To warn people about an upcorning tsunami.
C. To inforrn people about past tsunamis.
D. To inform people about the different types of tsunami.
E. To warn people about the dangers of tsunami.

40. Tsunamis are usually the result of
A. the sudden rise or fall of ocean floors
B. Pacific Oceans "Ring of Fire"
C. the awe-inspiring waves
D. volcanoes
E. landslides

41. From the text, we know that Tsunami can be very destructive because
A. they come after earthquakes
B. they are caused by volcanic eruptions
C. they are tall, fast, forceful and repetitive
D. they have a vacuum effect
E. they occur suddenly

42, "Sonie tsunami do not appear on shore as massive breaking waves but instead resemble a quickly surging tide that inundates coastal areas." (Paragraph S)
The underlined word is closest in meaning to
A. floods
B. covers
C. fills
D. attacks
E. submerges

This text is for questions 43 to 46.
Pakistan's houbara bird facing extioetion
The indiscriminate hunting of endangered houbara bustard birds in Pakistan by rich hunting parties from the Gulf nations have pushed the species toward extinction. The hunting was initially banned by the Pakistani courts, but under continuous pressure from the provincial governments of Sind, Baluchistan, and Punjab, as well as the federal government, recently the courts lifted the ban on the hunting of this vulnerable species.

Some people in Pakistan have been advocating for sustainable hunting of the species instead of a cornplete ban, but this is highly debatable. Reckless hunting for decades has pushed this beautiful species toward extinction and it is now critically endangered in Paki stan.
No reliable or credible statistics on the population dynamics of the species are available either. Unless specially protected by law, the species runs the risk of becoming extinct in the wiid in the next few decades.

Under these circumstances, the only logical approach to save the species from extinction in the not-so-distant future is to immediately start comprehensive captive breeding program for the species across the nation.

if the captive breeding program runs successfully and produces an appreciable number of chicks, then reintroduction programs could be initiated in their wild habitats.

Only after rebuilding the population for some time in the wild and allowing them to breed naturally to reach a sustainable population could some restricted hunting be planned. Currently, the low numbers have made this species vulnerable and with zero or poor monitoring, sustainable hunting practices in Pakistan for this dwindling species will not work.

Game hunting works only when a stable population is achieved with strict monitoring on the ratio of males to females hunted per season. If the females (no true statistics available) are being taken out of the population through random hunting, the population is sure to pass through a bottleneck in the wild habitat, with high vulnerability to eventual extinction

The people of Pakistan need to decide what is more important-a few petrodollars or protecting the biodiversity of the nation.
Saikat Kumar Basu 
Lethbridge, Canada

43. What is the subject of the text?
A. The extinction of Pakistan's houba•a bird.
B. The hunting of Pakistan's houbara bird.
C. The conservation of Pakistan's houbara bird.
D. The rehabilitation of Pakistan's biodiversity.
E. The protection of Pakistan's biodiversity.

44. From the text, we know that the writer 
A. enjoys hunting the houbara bird
B. advocates for sustainable houbara bird hunting
C. approves all kinds of houbara bird hunting
D. tries to persuade people to conserve houbara bird
E. breeds houbara bird in captivation

45. According to the text, why does the writer want all kinds of houbara bird hunting be banned?
A. The population of houbara bird getting smaller and smaller.
B. The captivation of houbara bird has been unsuecessfu1.
C. The houbara bird is difficult to catch.
D. The houbara bird is beautiful.
E. The hunters are reckless.

46. From the passage, we can conclude that people can resume hunting the houbara bird only a sustainable population is reached.
A. after
B. when
C. because
D. if
E. before

This text is for questions 47 to 50.
Nowadays, the police have been appIying the new reguiation concerning thc use of seat belts. In European countrics, this regulation has been applied for a long time. However, this new regulation has become controversial and is an interesting topic to discuss. Here are some of the arguments.
The use of seat belts has been proven to reduce the risk of injury or death tn an accident. Seat belt has become a standard component in cars, The research shows that most car accident will cause an injury to the head. Frequently, drivers or the passengers driving without seat belts die because of this. By wearing the seat belts, the injure will not happen since belts restrain. our body on the car seat when the accident happens.

Unfortunately, many cars, especially the old ones, don't have seat belts. This is because the traffic conditions in the past were unlike the recent traffic conditions. The designer of old cars didn't consider a seat belt as an important part. Besides, the drivers wearing the seat belt will think that they are completely safe, so they may drive carelessly. They are safe, indeed, but how about safety of other?

The seat belt is only one of the ways to reduce the risk of car accidents. It doesn't mean that we are completely safe. in short, our safety depends on ourselves. 

47. What is the main idea of paragraph 3?
A. Old Cars do not use seat belts.
B. The old cars have seat belts for their safety.
C. The drivers wear seat beits may drive carefully.
D. The traffic conditions in the past were similar to the recent.
E. The oid cars' designer considered a seat belt as an important part.
48. What is the function of seat belts?
A. To reduee the traffic condi.tions.
B. To become a standard cotnponent in ears..
C, To reduce the risk of injury or death in an accident.
D. To prevent the drivers driving cars carefully,
E. To increase the risk of injury in car accidents.

49. Who considered a seat belt as an unimportant part?
A. Police.
B. People.
C. Drivers,
D. Passengers,
E. Old cars designer.

50. "... that they are completely safe." (Paragraph 3)
What does the word `they' refer to?
A. Cars.
B. Seat belts.
C. Drivers.
D. Designers.
E. Others.

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